At first glance, LED technology appears to be very friendly with dimming control, with dimmable integrated LED lamps available. However, the given integrated lamp must be rated as compatible with the given line-voltage dimmer. This whitepaper describes current LED dimming issues and offers application guidance to avoid unwanted performance.
Researchers at the National Research Council Canada – Institute for Research in Construction (NRC-IRC) conducted a study to determine how far, how fast and over what period lighting can be dimmed before occupants notice and are adversely affected. The results suggest a role for dimmable lighting in demand response programs.
Green construction codes and standards are beginning to emerge on the national code stage. The standards go beyond energy standards such as 90.1 and the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) to cover additional areas such as site sustainability, water efficiency, indoor environmental quality and materials and resources. The first is ASHRAE Standard 189.1, Standard for the Design of High-Performance, Green Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings, published by ASHRAE in January 2010 in conjunction with the USGBC and the Illuminating Engineering Society.
This construction outlook reviews the year’s topline construction numbers, examines the directions that leading construction and electrical industry indicators are pointing, and provides a summary of the latest AIA Consensus Construction Forecast for 2010.
Daylight harvesting’s value proposition is fairly simple: As daylight levels increase in a space, electric light levels can be automatically reduced to maintain a target task light level and save energy. All automatic daylight harvesting control systems need a device that can measure light levels and signal a controller to dim or switch the lights in response to daylight contribution. This device is called a photosensor. The photosensor is a small device that can include a light-sensitive photocell, input optics and an electronic circuit used to convert the photocell signal into an output control signal, all within a housing and with mounting hardware.
A free brochure now available from Schneider Electric details lighting control requirements within the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED®) Green Building Rating System™, and lighting control’s energy and cost-savings potential in the certification process. The brochure, titled “Lighting control solutions for LEED certification,” is geared to commercial building facility managers, including those in industrial, retail, healthcare and education settings, and is available online.
The Lighting Controls Association (LCA) is pleased to announce that EE300: Lighting Control of LEDs has been added to the Association’s popular online Education Express distance education courses.
The National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) has published LL 9-2009 Dimming of T8 Fluorescent Lighting Systems. This new standard is the first coordinated guidance from industry on the dimming of T8 fluorescent lighting systems; LL 9 covers ranges between 100% and approximately 35% output (60mA lamp current). The publication was a result of discussions between numerous manufacturers and end-users as well as years of data gathering, testing, and analysis.
The DHMI is a 7-inch diagonal, high resolution, wide-screen format, color LCD used for interfacing with the Delta Controls building Automation System. The Delta DHMI uses BACnet over Ethernet to communicate with controllers on a local area network. User created graphics allow the DHMI to be completely customized for a given application.
In July 2009, the Department of Energy issued new energy efficiency standards for commercial general-service fluorescent lamps and incandescent (and halogen) reflector lamps. The new rules take effect July 14, 2012 and will basically eliminate products with the lowest efficiency and lowest cost. In the case of fluorescent lamps, equivalent-performance products are readily available, such as T8 lamps, and the market is expected to shift to that and other technologies. In the case of incandescent reflector lamps, only a few equivalent-performance products are readily available that comply, such as infrared-coated halogen lamps, and manufacturers are expected to develop new substitutes.