Craig DiLouie, LC interviewed Chuck Piccirillo, Director of Marketing, ENCELIUM at OSRAM SYLVANIA for an article published in ELECTRICAL CONTRACTOR. The topic? Lighting and the Industrial Internet of Things.
DiLouie: How do you see lighting fitting into the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)?
Piccirillo: Lighting is an existing infrastructure that can be leveraged to deliver insights on spaces. If sensors are embedded into each luminaire then there could be thousands of data points in a typical building to provide granular insights for creating productive workplaces, comfortable environments for occupants and efficient, safer factories/warehouses. For instance, tracking the forklift movement patterns can provide insights for better inventory placement and warehouse layout designs.
DiLouie: With intelligent lighting control, one could argue the Internet of Lighting is already here. How do you see lighting control fitting into the IIoT?
Piccirillo: Next phase is gathering insights to provide prescriptive (proactive) actions to owners and users of smarter systems and utilizing multiple data points to gain insights on operational inefficiencies such occupant behavior driving the inefficiency.
• Why during one schedule shift is someone walking to area when they should be monitoring machinery?
• Why is a fork lift always driving this way every time while there is a more efficient path to get from point A to B?
DiLouie: Not all buildings will require extensive data collection beyond lighting, HVAC and occupancy. Will the IIoT be scalable? Who will own these different levels in terms of collecting and presenting information?
Piccirillo: In theory, one system would be the ideal for efficiencies and holistic insights to have insights to what is happening in a space. If security is not addressed, then this will never come to fruition. No one knows who is going to own all levels of the information, and the question is should they own it. Sometimes it is not good to have full integration for security purposes in critical infrastructures. You want to have that redundancy.
DiLouie: What labor is required for IIoT implementation with LED lighting? What kinds of work can be performed by existing players like electrical contractors, and what new specialized labor will be needed?
Piccirillo: This depends on the manufacturer of the system. Sophisticated systems will require technical experts to install and start up those systems.
Utilities and municipalities are developing training/certification programs to help ECs build their skills sets.
Labor estimates for some ENCELIUM components:
DiLouie: Will mass deployment of the IIoT be beneficial or disruptive (or both) to the lighting and electrical industries, and in what ways?
Piccirillo: In the short term, it will provide immediate benefits and opportunities to provide energy efficient solutions. It will be more disruptive to infrastructures and industries in the long term. Analog systems will be digitized, enabling them to drive efficiencies and improve productivity. It will also create new revenue opportunities for businesses to offer services or products that improve the quality of life for occupants and owners. It will change the skill sets required in the workforce to install and support these smarter infrastructures.
DiLouie: What might a typical IIoT deployment look like? What systems and components are involved from lighting, control and data collection to owner use and benefit?
Piccirillo: Deployment will involve luminaires with embedded sensors or intelligence where they are networked (wired or wirelessly) back to a central manager. Devices will be software driven to increase visibility into their performance and the environment in which they reside.
DiLouie: What do electrical contractors need to know today about the IIoT and how it might affect their business?
Piccirillo: Electrical contractors should update their skills/knowledge of networked lighting systems. Understand the basics of installing a networked lighting system. Learn the basics of setting up wireless networks. Lighting devices might be installed with standard line voltage wiring but will have some form of wireless networking capability inside of it. Learning more about this technology will only help them to expand their service offering to their clients.
DiLouie: What are lighting and control manufacturers doing right now to prepare for and ideally play a part in the IIoT?
Piccirillo: We are putting more intelligence into our products to store or process data, embedding sensors for data collection, and developing analytical tools to interpret the data. We are creating reliable & secure solutions. Losing the network while downloading a file on your computer is not as significant as losing the network to the lighting infrastructure of a 24/7 factory. Manufacturers will need to provide options for owners to install the desired security measures in place.
DiLouie: If you could tell the entire electrical industry just one thing about the IIoT, what would it be?
Piccirillo: Get educated. The Internet of Things is becoming more and more relevant and ECs should prepare themselves so they aren’t losing business opportunities in the latest technological change.